Abell, George. Exploration of the Universe. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1973.
Ball, Philip. Life’s Matrix: a Biography of Water. University of California Press, 2001.
Emsley, Johm. Nature’s Building Blocks, an A-Z Guide to the Elements. Oxford University Press, 2001.
Feynman, Richard P., Robert B. Leighton and Matthew Sands. The Feynman Lectures on Physics – Mainly Electromagnetism and Matter. California Institute of Technology, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1965.
Feynman, Richard P., Robert B. Leighton and Matthew Sands. The Feynman Lectures on Physics – Mainly Mechanics, Radiation, and Heat. California Institute of Technology, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1963.
Feynman, Richard P., Robert B. Leighton and Matthew Sands. The Feynman Lectures on Physics – Quantum Mechanics. California Institute of Technology, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1964.
Feynman, Richard P. The Strange Theory of Light and Matter. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1988.
Gold, Thomas. The Deep Hot Biosphere. New York: Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 1999.
Graedel, Thomas E. and Paul J. Crutzen. Atmosphere, Climate, and Change. New York: Scientific American Library, 1997.
Harland, W. Brian, Richard L. Armstrong, Allan V. Cox, Lorraine E. Craig, Alan G. Smith and David G. Smith. A Geologic Time Scale 1989. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Howland, John L. The Surprising Archaea – Discovering Another Domain of Life. Oxford University Press, Inc., New York, 2000.
Jenkins, Francis A. and Harvey E. White. Fundamentals of Optics. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1957.
Masterton, William L. and Emil J. Slowinski. Chemical Principles. W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 1973.
Mayewski, Paul Andrew and Frank White. The Ice Chronicles –The Quest to Understand Global Climate Change. New Hampshire: University Press of New England, 2002.
Sears, Francis W., Mark W. Zemansky and Hugh D. Young. University Physics. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1976.
Sykes, Christopher, Ed. No Ordinary Genius, The Illustrated Richard Feynman. W.W. Norton & Company, New York & London, 1994.
Ward, Peter D. Gorgon – Paleontology, Obsession, and the Greatest Catastrophe in Earth’s History. Viking, Penguin Group, 2004.
Research PapersAbdalati, W. and W.B. Krabill. Application of Aircraft Laser Altimetry to Glacier and Ice Cap Mass Balance Studies. Laboratory for Hydrospheric Processes, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 1999.Alley, Richard B., Peter U. Clark, Philippe Huybrechts and Ian Joughin. Ice-Sheet and Sea-Level Changes. Science Magazine, pp. 456-460, October 2005.
Anber, A.D. and A.H. Knoll. Proterozoic Ocean Chemistry and Evolution: A Bioinorganic Bridge? Science Magazine, Vol. 297, August 2002.
Arnold, G.L., A.D. Anbar, J. Barling and T.W. Lyons. Molybdenum Isotope Evidence for Widespread Anoxia in Mid-Proterozoic Oceans. Science, Vol. 304, 2004.
Baker, Richard G., E.A. Bettis III, R.F. Denniston, and L.A. Gonzalez. Plant remains, alluvial chronology, and cave speleothem isotopes indicate abrupt Holocene climatic change at 6 ka in midwestern USA. Global and Planetary Change 28, 285-291, 2001.
Beerling, D.J. and R.A. Berner. Biogeochemical constraints on the Triassic-Jurassic boundary carbon cycle event. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 16, No. 3, 2002.
Behar, Michael. Warning: The Hydrogen Economy May Be More Distant Than It Appears. Popular Science, January 2005.
Bentley, Molly. Earth’s permafrost starts to squelch. BBC News, December 2004.
Benton, Michael J. and Richard J. Twichett. How to kill (almost) all life: the end-Permian extinction event. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Vol, 18, No. 7, July 2003.
Bernath, Peter F. The spectroscopy of water vapour: Experiment, theory and applications. Department of Chemistry, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada, 2002.
Bice, Karen L., et al. Cretceous Climate-Ocean Dynamics: Future Directions for IODP. The Nature Place, Florissant, CO, July 2002.
Black, Richard. Earth – melting in the heat? BBC News, October 7, 2005.
Broecker, W.S. What if the Conveyor Were to Shut Down? Reflections on a Possible Outcome of the Great Global Experiment. GSA Today 9(1), pp. 107. January 1999.
Buncombe, Andrew. Is This Proof of Global Warming? The Independent UK, October 2005.
Cainey, Jill. Sulfur isotope signatures in New Zealand. Water & Atmosphere, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2001.
Caldeira, Ken and Robert Berner. Seawater pH and Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide. Science, Vol, 286, 1999.
Casey, Kenneth. Satellite Tracks Rising Ocean Temperature. Visiting Fellow, Universities Space Research Association, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
Comiso, Josefino C. Warming Trends in the Arctic from Clear Sky Satellite Observations. Journal of Climate, Vol. 16, Issue 21, pp. 3498-3510.
Cone, Marla. Mystery: Why is he Aleutian ecosystem collapsing? Los Angeles Times, WorldCatch News Network, November 2000.
D’Hondt, Steven. The Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction: Modeling carbon flux and ecological response. Paleoceanography, Vol. 19, PA 1002, 2004.
Donovan, D.T. and E.J.W. Jones. Causes of world-wide changes in sea level. Journal of the Geological Society, Vol. 136, No. 2, pp. 187-192(6), 1979.
Emanuel, Kerry. Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years. Nature, July 2005.
Environmental Chemistry Group Bulletin. The Royal Society of Chemistry, July 2005.
Glaciological application. Glaciological measurements.
Greenhouse Warming Could Pop the Cork On a Bottled-up East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Climate Alert, Vol. 8, No. 3, May-June 1995.Henderson, Gideon M. New oceanic proxies for paleoclimate. Department of Earth Sciences, Oxford University, Oxford, UK, 2002.
Holmes-Farley, Randy. Reef Aquaria with Low Soluble Metal. Reefkeeping, 9/11/2004.
Huber, Matt. Global Climate Change: A Glance in the Rear View Mirror. Geotimes, Dec. 2001.
Isaksen, Ivar S.A. The atmospheric sink of methane. IGACtivities Newsletter No. 21, September 2000.
Jahren, Hope. Scientist Works to Solve Puzzle of Arctic Redwoods. The Forestry Source, May 2002.
Joachimski, M.M. and W. Buggisch. The Late Devonian Mass Extinction – Impact or Earth-Bound Event? University of Erlangen, Institute of Geology, Schlossgarten 5, Germany.
Katz, Miriam E., Dorothy K. Pak, Gerald R. Dickens and Kenneth G. Miller. The Source and Fate of Massive Carbon Input During the Latest Paleocene Thermal Maximum. Science Magazine, 1999.
Kerr, Andrew C. Oceanic plateau formation: a cause of mass extinction and black shale deposition around the Cenomanian-Turonian boundary? Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 155, pp. 619-626, 1998.
Knoll, Andrew H. A New Molecular Window on Early Life. Science 284, 1999.
Krauss, Clifford, Steven Lee Myers, Andrew C. Revkin and Simon Romero. As Polar Ice Turns to Water, Dreams of Treasure Abound. The New York Times, October 2005.
Lea, David W., Dorothy K. Pak and Howard J. Spero. Climate Impact of Late Quaternary Equatorial Pacific Sea Surface Temperature Variations. Science, Vol. 289, September 2000.
Leifert, Harvey. Arctic Ocean Could Be Ice-Free in Summer Within 100 Years, Scientists Say. American Geophysical Union News, AGU Release No. 05-30, 2005.
López-Garca, Purificación and David Moreira. Metabolic symbiosis at the origin of eukaryotes. Talking Point, March 1999.
Madronich, Sasha. Tropospheric Photochemistry and Its Response to UV Changes. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, 1993.
Marshall, Jim. Stable Isotopes – What Can They Tell Us About Oceans, Atmospheres and Mass Extinction? Department of Earth Sciences University of Liverpool.
Martin, Glen. Sea life in peril – plankton vanishing. The San Francisco Chronicle, July 12, 2005.
Maurellis, Ahilleas and Jonathan Tennyson. The climatic effects of water vapour. Physics World, May 2003.
Mayell, Hillary. Did Planetary “Belch” Cause Prehistoric Warming? National Geographic News, December 2001.
McLean, Dewey M. Impact Winter in the Global K-T Extinctions: No Definitive Evidences. Department of Geological Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA.
Michaels, Patrick J., Paul C. Knappenberger and Robert E. Davis. Sea-Surface Temperatures and Tropical Cyclones: Breaking the Paradigm. University of Virginia, Department of Environmental Sciences, Charlottesville, VA.
Michaels, Patrick. Global Warming, Melting Ice Caps and Rising Sea Levels. Capitalism Magazine, November 2005.
Morrison, David. When Did Earth’s Oceans Become Oxygenated? NASA Astrobiology Institute, 2004.
Mottl, Michael J., Stephen C. Komor, Patricia Fryer and Craig L. Moyr. Deep-slab fluids fuel extremophilic Archaea on a Mariana forearc serpentinite mud volcano: Ocean Drilling Program Leg 195. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, Vol. 4, No. 11, 2003.
Muller, Richard A. Glacial cycles and orbital inclination. Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Report LBL-35665, January 1994.
Neuman, Michael T. Earth Headed for Global Warming Catastrophe. Marin County’s News Monthly – Free Press, November, 2005.
Ocean acidification due to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide. Edited by The Clyvedon Press Ltd. The Royal Society, June 2005.Oppenheimer, Michael. Global warming and the stability of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. Nature, Vol. 393, 1998.
Pearson, D.G., R.M. Davies, S.B. Shirey, R.W. Carlson and W.L. Griffin. The age and origin of eastern Australian diamonds: Re-Os isotope evidence from sulfide inclusions in two diamonds from Wellington, New South Wales. Dept. of Geological Sciences, Durham University, Durham, UK.
Pearson, Paul N. and Martin R. Palmer. Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations over the past 60 million years. Nature, Vol. 406, 2000.
Perkins, Sid. Sulfur Studies: Early Earth’s air was oxygen-poor. Science News, Vol. 161, No. 25, p. 394, 2002.
Possible Answer to Earth’s Magnetic Field Reversal. Space Daily, Arlington, VA, 2004.Prahl, F., et al. Status of alkenone paleothermometer calibration: Report from Working Group 3. Geochemisstry, Geophysics, Geosystems, Vol. 1, November 2000.
Prehistoric Asteroid “Killed Everything”. Newswise/Science News, August 2002.Rahmstorf, Stefan. The Thermohaline Ocean Circulation. Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, 2002.
Ramachandran, R. Warnings that went in vain. Frontline, Vol. 22, Issue 20, 2005.
Raven, John A. The Evolution of Cyanobacterial Symbioses. Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Vol. 102B, No. 1, pp. 3-6, 2002.
Revkin, Andrew C. In a Melting Trend, Less Arctic Ice to Go Around. The New York Times, September 2005.
Ridgwell, Andy and Richard E. Zeebe. The role of the global carbonate cycle in the regulation and evolution of the Earth system. Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC.
Ridgwell, Andy J. and Andrew J. Watson. Is the spectral signature of the 100 kyr glacial cycle consistent with a Milankovitch origin? Paleoceanography, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 437-440, August 1999.
Royer, Dana L., et al. C02 as a primary driver of Phanerozoic climate. GSA Today, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 4-10, 2004.Rozell, Ned. The Continued Thawing of Alaska, Article #1446. Alaska Science Forum, June 23, 1999.Ryskin, Gregory. Methane-driven oceanic eruptions and mass extinctions. Department of Chemical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, 2003.
Sanders, Robert. New “Tree of Life” for green plants reveals evolutionary history of land plants and much more. University of California News Release, 8/4/99.
Sanyal, A., M. Nugent, R.J. Reeder and J. Buma. Seawater pH control on the boron isotopic composition of calcite: Evidence from inorganic calcite precipitation experiments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 64, No. 9, pp. 1551-1555, 2000.
Schiermeier, Quirin. Clear skies and global dimming. News@Nature.com, May, 2005.
Schmidt, Laurie J. Disintegration of the Glacier Tongue. Earth Observatory, December 2000.
Schwartz, Peter and Doug Randall. An Abrupt Climate Change Scenario and Its Implications for United States. National Security, October 2003.
Scientists Express Concern About How Stable the East and West Antarctic Ice Sheets May Be. Climate Alert, Vol. 8, No. 3, May-June 1995.Serreze, Mark C. Background on Sea ice and Arctic Climate. Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO.
Siegenthaler, Urs, et al. Stable Carbon Cycle – Climate Relationship During the Late Pleistocene. Science 25, Vol. 310, no. 5752, pp. 1313-1317, 2005.
Simo, Rafel. Production of atmospheric sulfur by oceanic plankton: biogeochemical, ecological and evolutionary links. TRENDS in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 16, No. 6, 2001.
Staley, D.O. and G.M. Jurica. Flux Emissivity Tables for Water Vapor, Carbon Dioxide and Ozone. Institute of Atmospheric Physics, the University of Arizona, Tucson, 1969.
Standard, Jim and C. Austen Angell. Raining lead around 250mya : a smoking gun for an Australian impact origin of the Permian Extinction. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ.
Steiner, Roland. What Controls Primary Production in the Ocean? Assessment for ENV361, Professor J. Hamilton-Taylor, Pendle College, 2001.
Struzik, Ed. Scientists battle over turf in Arctic land that time forgot. The Edmonton Journal, July 25, 1999.
The Antarctic Ice Sheet and Climate Change, A Brief Bibliography of Research Papers.The Hydrosphere. Chapter 4.
The West Antarctic Ice Sheet Program. Climate Alert, Vol. 8, No. 3, May-June 1995.Vidal, John. Antarctica sends 500 billion tonne warning of the effects of global warming. Guardian Unlimited, March 2002.
Weart, Spencer. Temperatures from Fossil Shells. The Discovery of Global Warming, July 2004.
Zahnle, K.J. and H.H. Sleep. Carbon Dioxide Cycling, Climate, Impacts, and the Faint Young Sun. NASA Ames Research Center, Ninth Annual V.M. Goldschmidt Conference.
Zhang, Jinlun, Drew Rothrock and Michael Steele. Recent Changes in Arctic Sea Ice: The Interplay between Ice Dynamics and Thermodynamics. Polar Science Center, Applied Physics Laboratory, College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. 1999.
2004 the Fourth Warmest Year Globally. http://www.melbourne.indymedia.org/news/2004/12/85201.php.
2005: The Hottest Year in Recorded History. http://www.lilithgallery.com/articles/2005/hothothot-2005.html.
All about Hydrates. http://www.netl.doe.gov/scng/hydrate/about-hydrates/about_hydrates.
An orbital cycle. http://www.geowords.com/histbooknetscape/b34.htm.
Ancient oil points to ‘cradle of life’. http://www.news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/864777.stm.
Ancient rock points to life’s origin. http://www.news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/2098561.stm.
Andrews, Julian, Dr., Dr. Alan Kendall, Paul Dennis and Dr. Peter Rowe. Palaeoclimatic Records from Late-Quaternary Speleothems in Greece. http://www.uea.ac.uk/env/studentships/andrews2.htm.
Antarctic Almanac. Ice. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/warnings/almanac.html.
Antarctic ice fringe ‘melting faster’. http://www.news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/2040532.stm.
Antarctic ice slipping faster into the sea. http://www.newscientist.com/article.ns?id=mg18825223.700.
Antarctic Ice-Sheet History. http://www.odp.tamu.edu/publications/178_IR/chap_02/ch3_htm2.htm.
Arctic Coring Expedition (ACEX) retrieves first Arctic core. E-mail.
Arctic Dawn – Fossil forest yields clues to a polar swamp. http://www.umainetoday.umaine.edu/Issues/v5i2/arctic.html.
Arctic ice ‘disappearing quickly’. http://www.news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/4290340.stm.
Arctic Ice Melting Much Faster Than Thought. http://www.commondreams.org/headlines02/1128-06.htm.
Arctic Methane and the 8.2 kyr BP Event: Past Warning of Future Danger? http://www.agu.org/cgi-bin/SFgate/SFgate?&listenv=table.
Arctic Ocean. http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arctic_Ocean.
Arctic Sea Ice Shrinking, Greenland Ice Sheet Melting, According to Study. http://www.nsidc.org/news/press/20021207_seaice.html.
ATM S 211: Fall Quarter 2002 – Climate and Climate Change. http://www.atmos.washington.edu/2002Q4/211/notes_carboncycle.html.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Feedbacks. http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc_tar/wg1/131.htm.
Atmospheric IR Spectra: A State-of-the-Art Radiation Model. http://www.geosci.uchicago.edu/~archer/EnvChem/Labs/modtran.lite.html.
Atmospheric Processes and Feedbacks – Physics of the Water Vapour and Cloud Feedbacks. http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc_tar/wg1/266.htm.
Bacteria: Life History and Ecology. http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/bacteria/bacterialh.html.
Banded Iron Formation. http://www.jersey.uoregon.edu/~mstrick/RogueComCollege.
Big chill killed off the Neanderthals. http://www.newscientist.com/news/print.jsp?id=ns99994586.
Biochemistry of methanogens (Rolf Thauer). http://www.uni-marburg.de/mpi/thauer/thauer_res.html.
Breakup of Glaciers Raising Sea Level Concern. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/10/051023122913.htm.
Calcification in the ocean. http://www.awi-bremerhaven.de/Carbon/calcif.html.
Carbon Dioxide and Climate – the Plot Thickens. http://www.imperial.ac.uk/P417.htm.
Changing Sun, Changing Climate? http://www.aip.org/histsory/climate/solar.htm.
Chelates and Chelating Agents. http://www.scifun.chem.wisc.edu/chemweek/Chelates/Chelates.html.
Chelation, uptake, and binding of trace metals. http://www.prinecton.edu/~cebic/chelbindintro.html.
Chemists Retrieve Clues to Ancient Ocean Chemistry and Global Greenhouse From Cretaceous Sediments. http://www.scrippsnews.ucsd.edu/article_detail.cfm?article_num=637.
Climate Change 2001: Working Group 1: The Scientific Basis. http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc_tar/wg1/213.htm.
Climate Change and Arctic Sea Ice. http://www.archive.greenpeace.org/climate/arctic99/reports/seaice.
Climate: Cooling. http://www.volcano.und.nodak.edu/vwdocs/Gases/climate.html.
Coastal-Change and Glaciological Maps of Antarctica. http://www.pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs50-98/.
Continent Building & Plate Tectonics. http://www.my.execpc.com/~acmelasr/mountains/ptnf.html.
Cracking the Ice Age. PBS Airdate: September 30, 1997. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/transcripts/2320crac.html.
Cyanobacteria: Life History and Ecology. http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/bacteria/cyanolh.html.
Dead Dinosaurs and Gases. http://www.volcano.und.nodak.edu/vwdocs/Gases/dead_dino.html.
Deccan Traps. http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deccan_Traps.
Devitt, Terry. Glacial records depict ice age climate in synch worldwide. http://www.news.wisc.edu/9557.html.
Diamonds are a state’s best friend. http://www.minerals.nsw.gov.au/prodServices/minfacts.
Dorak, M.Tevfik, B.A., M.D., Ph.D. A Brief History of Life. http://www.dorakmt.tripod.com/evolution/life.html.
Earlier Water on Earth? Oldest Rock Suggests Hospitable Young Planet. http://www.nst.gov/od/lpa/news/press/01/pr0102.htm.
Early Earth was Warm, Despite Less Energy From the Sun. http://www.universetoday.com/am/publish.
Early Triassic Aftermath. http://www.members.den.org/dorritie/Early%20Triassic.html.
Earth’s Inconstant Magnetic Field. http://www.science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2003/29dec.
Eaton, Joe. A Change in the Sea. http://www.faultline.org/place/2002/07/climatemar.html.
Errors in the measurement of global warming corrected. http://www.mail.tech21.com:83/default/mailView.php?/desktop=mailView.
Eternal life. http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns999982.
Evolution: Change Thru Time. The Formation of the Earth. http://www.cas.muohio.edu/~mbi-ws/changethrutime.
Evolution of the Atmosphere: Composition, Structure and Energy. http://www.globalchange.umich.edu/globalchange1.
Extinction 250 mya Linked to Volcanic Flood. http://www.dml.cmnh.org/2002Jun/msg00144.html.
Extinction rate analysis. http://www.palaeo.gly.bris.ac.uk/Palaeofiles/Permian.
Fastest Glacier in Greenland Doubles Speed. http://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/lookingatearth/jakobshavn.html.
Filchner Ice Shelf, Antarctica, 1973, 1986. http://www.edcwww.cr.usgs.gov/earthshots/slow/Filchnertext.
Final Report From ‘Extreme Climates’ PPG. http://www.odp.usyd.edu.au/structure/minutes/PPGGreportDec.html.
Fossil Records Show Methane in Seafloor Sediments Released During Periods of Rapid Climate Warming. http://www.whoi.edu/media/Hincrichs.html.
Gas (Methane) Hydrates — A New Frontier. http://www.marine.usgs.gov/fact-sheets/gas-hydrates/title.html.
Gas hydrates, El Niño, and global change: A case study. http://www.mbari.org/news/news_releases/1997/dec08_brewer.html.
Geologic Time: Age of the Earth. http://www.pubs.usgs.gov/gip/geotime/age.html.
Glaciation in the Past. http://www.au.encarta.msn.com/text_781532723_3.
Global Climate Change. http://www.conservationinstitute.org/globalclimatechange.htm.
Global Impacts of Volcanic Eruptions. http://www.volcano.und.nodak.edu/vwdocs/Gases/impacts.html.
Global Warming Puts the Arctic on Thin Ice. http://www.nrdc.org/globalWarming/qthinice.asp.
Grace, John. The Carbon Cycle. University of Edinburgh. http://www.ierm.ed.ac.uk/ierm/teaching/ccyle.
Greenhouse Gas Properties. http://www.epa.gov/methane/scientific.html.
Herbert, Brent. Arctic Ice cover at new record low.. http://www.melbourne.indymedia.org/news/2005/09/96358_comment.php.
How Much Excess Fresh Water Was Added to the North Atlantic in Recent Decades? http://www.whoi.edu/mr/pr.do?id=5098.
How plants affect climate and atmosphere. http://www.members.cox.net/jmadams2/VegClimate.html.
Huge Antarctic ice blocks slide into the sea. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2005.
Humus. Campus program.com. http://www.campusprogram.com/reference/en/wikipedia/h/hu/humus.html.
Hurricanes and Climate Change. http://www.ucsusa.org/global_warming/science.
Ice Age. http://www.cyrstalinks.com/iceage.html.
Ice cores unlock climate secrets. http://www.news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/3792209.stm.
Ice Sheets and Rising Seas. http://www.aip.org/history/climate/floods.htm.
Ice shelf disintegration threatens environment. http://www.antarcticconnection.com/antarctic/news/2005.
Ice Shelves. http://www.asoc.org/general/iceshelve.htm.
Impacts of Physical Climate Change on Atmospheric Chemistry. http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc_tar/wg1/157.htm.
Introduction: Arctic change. http://www.crrel.usace.army.mil/sid/IMB/change.htm.
Investigation of Microbial Community using Pospholipid Ester-linked Fatty Acids from a Black Shale Weathering Profile. http://www.geo.umass.edu/grads/sanderoff/research.htm.
ISCID Encyclopedia of Science and Philosophy – BETA. Paleomagnetism. http://www.iscid.org/encyclopedia/Paleomagnetism.
Larsen B Ice Shelf Collapses in Antarctica. http://www.nsidc.org/iceshelves/larsenb2002.
Larsen Ice Shelf 2002. http://www.web.pdx.edu/~chulbe/science/Larsen2002.html.
Lecture 23. The Sulfur Cycle. http://www.biosci.ohio-state-edu/~mgonzalez/Micro521/23.html.
Lecture 24. The Iron and the Mercury Cycles. http://www.biosci.ohio-state-edu/~mgonzalez/Micro521/24.html.
Lenntech – The global warming and the Greenhouse Effect. http://www.lenntech.com/The-greenhouse-effect.htm.
Life Cycles of Stars. http://www.uwgb.edu/dutchs/CosmosNotes/stars.htm.
Life reached land a billion years ago. http://www.news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/2246831.stm.
Linacre, E. and B. Geerts. Estimating past sea-surface temperatures from corals. http://www.das.uwyo.edu/~geerts/cwx/notes/chap15/coral.html.
Linder, C.A. Sea Ice Glossary. http://www.whoi.edu/science/PO/arcticedge/arctic_west03/facts.
Macdonald, Kenneth C. and Paul J. Fox. The Mid-Ocean Ridge. http://www.geol.ucsb.edu/faculty/macdonald/ScientificAmerican.
Mauna Loa C02 Measurements are the Longest Continuous Record in the World. http://www.er.doe.gov/Science_News/feature_articles_2001.Methane Catastrophe (Continental Margin Methane Release). http://www.members.dcn.org/dorritie/methane%20catastrophe.html.
Methane rivers and rain shape Titan’s surface. http://www.newscientist.com/article.ns?id=dn6910.
Methane Sinks – The Atmosphere. http://www.ghgonline.org/methanesinkatmos.htm.
Milankovitch Theory. http://www.earth.usc.edu/~geol150/variablity/icesheets.html.
Moving Continents. Plant Fossils of West Virginia. http://www.geocraft.com/WVFossils/continents.html.
NASA Eyes Ice Changes Around Earth’s Frozen Caps. http://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/lookingatearth/icecover.html.
NASA Finds Soot Has Impact on Global Climate. http://www.atmospheres.gsfc.nasa.gov/reportsdocs /html/2003/11appendixA1.php.
Nelson, Jon. Stromatolites, Our Myserious Ancient Reefs. http://www.lakesuperior.com/online/192/192strom.html.
New Evidence Suggests Early Oceans Bereft of Oxygen for Eons. http://www.spacedaily.com/news/early-earth-04a.html.
Oceans and the carbon cycle. http://www.gdrc.org/oceans/fsheet-02.html.
Origins of the Earth’s Magnetism. http://www.phy6.org/earthmag/dynamos2.htm.
Part II: Now – The Methane Catastrophe that Awaits Us Tomorrow. http://www.killerinourmidst.com/now.html.
Part III of “Matter cycles”: The phosphorus cycle. http://www.lenntech.com/phosphorus-cycle.htm.
Pearce, Fred. Failing ocean current raises fears of mini ice age. NewScientist.com news service, November 2005.
Periodic Table of the Elements. http://www.ucdsb.on.ca/tiss/stretton/chem1/atomic4.html.
Potassium Could Be Heating the Earth’s Core. http://www.universetoday.com/am/publish/potassium_core.html.
RADARSAT-1 Antarctic Mapping Project. http://www.bprc.mps.ohio-state.edu/rsl/radarsat.html.
Radiative processes in the troposphere. http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc_tar/wg1/277.htm.
Report From ‘Extreme Climates’ PPG, September 1998, Edinburgh. http://www.odp.usyd.edu.au/structure/minutes/Extremereport.html.
Research statement of the Marine Biogeochemistry and Electrochemistry Group. http://www.liv.ac.uk/~sn35/Documents/Research_Statement.html.
Resolving a methane mystery – the discovery of a symbiotic association of methane-consuming archaea and bacteria. http://www.mpi-bremen.de/deutsch/biogeo/aboetius/press-eng.html.
Rogers, John J. and M. Santosh. Continents and Supercontinents. http://www.oup.com/us/catalog/general/subject/EarthSciences/Geology.
Rosof, Libby. Arctic trees last 45 million years. Pennsylvania Current. http://www.upenn.edu/pennnews/current/1999/090299/Arctic.html.
Scientists Draw Portrait of Early Earth Using Tiny Zircons. http://www.memphisgeology.org/g_zircon.html.
Scientists Report Increased Thinning of West Antarctic Glaciers. http://www.nasa.gov/centers/goddard/news/topstory/2004.
Siberian Peat Proves Key Player for Greenhouse Gas Production in Past, Future, UCLA-Led Team Finds. UCLA News. http://www.newsroom.ucla.edu/page.asp?RElNum=4865.
Significant Climate Anomalies and Events in 2005. http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories2005.
Sitron, Neil and Dan Goldstein. Spheres of Influence: The Earth’s Differentiation Into Solid, Liquid, and Gas Layers. http://www.umich.edu/~gs265/spheres.htm.
Solar UV Irradiance. http://www.ssbuv.gsfc.nasa.gov/solar.html.
Some Important Eruptions. http://www.volanco.und.nodak.edu/vwdosc/Gases/eruptions.html.
State of the Art. http://www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/dste/ocean/carbonate/stateoftheart.
Stern, Robert J. Subduction Zones. Reviews of Geophysics, Geosciences Department, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas, 2002. http://www.agu.org/journals/rg/rg0204/2001RG000108/0.shtml.
Strontium load of Himalayan Rivers. http://www.earth-pages.com/archive/climate.asp.
Suspect killer: volcanism. http://www.geotimes.org/aug02/NN_volcanism.html.
Terrestrial palynomorphs – spores and pollen. http://www.geo.ucalgary.ca/~macrae/palynology/terrestrial.
The Acid Ocean – the other Problem with C02 Emission. http://www.realclimate.org/index.php?p=169.
The bacteria that changed the Earth. http://www.news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/411814.stm.
The Climate System. http://www.eesc.ldeo.columbia.edu/courses/ees/climate/lectures .
The Geodynamo. http://www.es.ucsc.edu/~glatz/geodynamo.html.
The Little Workers of the Mining Industry. http://www.bioteach.ubc.ca/Bioengineering/microbialmining.
The Mineral Magnetite. Amethyst Galleries, Inc., 1995, 1996. http://www.mineral.galleries.com/minerals/oxides/magnetit/magnetit.htm
The Nitrogen Cycle. http://www.users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages.
The Ordovician Mass Extinction. http://www.hannover.park.org/Canada/Museum/extinction/ordmass.html.
The Permo-Triassic Boundary. http://www.geocities.com/earthhistory/iso.htm.
The Regional Impacts of Climate Change. http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc/regional/187.htm.
Thermohaline circulation. http://www.killerinourmidst.com/THC.html.
Thick Siderite Marine Beds Suggest High Co2 Levels in Early Atmosphere. Space Daily. http://www.spacedaily.com/news/early-earth-04g.html.
This is the Magnetofossil Homepage! Historical Development. http://www.gps.caltech.edu/users/jkirschvink/magnetofossil.html.
‘Tipping Point’ in Siberia May Spur Global Warming. http://www.mindfully.org/Air/2005/Siberian-Peat-Thawing11aug05.htm.
Triassic-Jurassic extinction event. http://www.answers.com/main/ntguery;jsessionid.
Tropical Pacific-Driven Decadel Energy Transport Variability. http://www.renova.com/news/technology/169048.
Understanding the Role of Black Carbon in Environmental Surface Processes. http://www.chemisry.ohio-state.edu/~hatcher/projects/blackcarbon.htm,
USGS Science for a Changing World. Thermoluminescence Primer. October 13, 2000 ver. 2. http://www.geology.wr.usgs.gov/wgmt/pacnw/tlprimer.html.
Very old Australian zircons with a story to tell. http://www.mala.bc.ca/~earles/zircon-jan01.htm.
Volcanic Gases: Average Compositions and Minor or Trace Gases. http://www.volcano.und.nodak.edu/vwdocs/Gases/average.html.
Widespread Arctic Warming Crosses Critical Ecological Thresholds, Scientists Warn. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/03/0503081100441.htm.
Zircon, the key mineral. Isotopical Studies on Zircons. http://www.metu.edu.tr/~skoksal/geochronology.htm.